By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an outline of this significant language family members, together with either historical and glossy languages. After a short advent to the background of the kinfolk and its inner category, next chapters conceal themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes positive factors which are attribute of the Semitic language relatives as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra amazing advancements that happen within the person languages. this offers either a typological assessment and an outline of extra particular good points. The chapters comprise ample examples from a variety of languages. the entire examples contain morpheme through morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these no longer conversant in a given language. Concluding the ebook is a close consultant to extra interpreting, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short creation includes a wealthy number of info, and covers subject matters now not mostly present in brief sketches resembling this. The readability of presentation makes it valuable not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit anything approximately this crucial language kin.
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Extra resources for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages
Yes In many of the languages that normally do not express a copula in the present tense, a demonstrative or personal pro noun can fill the spot of a copula, in order to make clear that a separate subject and predicate are being expressed (78-79). ' (Coffin and Bolozky 2005) A number of modern languages, including modern Ethio pian languages, Neo-Aramaic languages, and some Arabic dia lects, have developed present-tense copulas, most often from grammaticalized demonstratives or presentative particles (Rubin 2005).
In these cases, I have also provided more recent sources, in addition to these classic, still valuable works. General Linguistics: As a basic reference for linguistic terminology, Crystal (2008) and Matthews (2007) are very help ful. For an introduction to historical and comparative linguistics, there are several good books available, including Campbell (2004). Akmajian et al. (2010) and O'Grady et al. (2010) are general introductions to the many subfields of linguistics. Afroasiatic: Very brief sketches of the non-Semitic branches of Afroasiatic can be found in Hayward (2000) and Huehnergard (2004).
Erwin 1963) Present Tenses. In Classical Arabic Biblical Hebrew ' Ge'ez, Akkadian, and other classical semitic languages, there i a single non-past verbal tense that covers both present and fu ture time. In many languages, however, new forms have devel oped that are specifically marked as general presents, present progressives, or present indicatives. In some languages, includ � ing later forms of Hebrew and Aramaic, the inherited participial Future Tenses. Explicit future tenses have developed in a number of Semitic languages_ Often markers of the future derive from grammaticalized forms of verbs meaning 'go' or 'want', though other sources are well attested (Rubin 2005)_ For exam ple, in Egyptian Arabic (and several other Arabic dialects), the future-marking prefix ha- is derived from the participle riiyih 'going' (32).
A brief introduction to the Semitic languages by Aaron D. Rubin