By Carolyn Mackay
The Totonac-Tepehua language family members, notwithstanding typologically just like another Mesoamerican languages, has now not but been validated to be relating to the other language family members. Misantla Totonac is the southernmost number of Totonac and is spoken within the region among Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz, Mexico and Misantla, Veracruz. In 1974, a newly paved street attached Xalapa and Misantla bringing a comparatively remoted quarter into touch with mainstream Mexican language and tradition. therefore, Misantla Totonac is not any longer obtained as a primary language via the neighborhood young ones and is speedily being changed through Spanish. A GRAMMAR OF MISANTLA TOTONAC provides the phonological constitution of the language and the most efficient morphological approaches. It describes inflection and derivation of all significant note periods (verbs, nominals, and statives) intimately. It introduces grammatical contract and note order phenomena, and offers the main salient and critical points of Misantla Totonac grammar. even supposing numerous Totonac-Tepehua grammars exist in Spanish, this can be the single released grammar of the Totonac-Tepehua language relations at present on hand in English. Winner of the once a year Society for the research of Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA) e-book Award, this marks the 3rd quantity to be released within the sequence. "The fabric provided this is key to any destiny paintings in reconstructing the proto-language. . . .[It] is an important contribution to either basic linguistics in addition to to Mesoamerican reviews. -James Watters, summer season Institute of Linguistics
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas
2). This r-coloring is often lost in rapid speech, and it seems that it is being lost completely among the younger people, as there is variation and uncertainty about its use. The r-coloring also often appears on words followed by the expression meaning Æallﬂ. This meaning is variously expressed as [wu], [le-wu], [©le-wu], [leﬁwu], [-eﬁwu], and [-ﬁwu]. 3) a. b. c. d. 3). Following are some examples of contrasting r-colored and non-r-colored vowels, and long and short r-colored vowels. 4. 3. 1) has affected the syllable canon, which is given in Figure 1: (C) (Ci) (V) V (V) (C) (C f) [fric] [glide] [glide][fric] Figure 1.
Initial weakening Several types of initial consonant undergo a form of weakening when, due to derivation, they appear in non-word-initial position, particularly in non-syllable-initial position. This occurs both in compounds and when the directional prefix is added to verb roots. 4) ph > π ± f: a. ˙- DIR + ph˙ Æblowﬂ > ˙π Æblow (imperative)ﬂ 32 The phonological system b. s˙ Ætreeﬂ + c. 5) kh > x: a. )ﬂ b. 8) b > w: a. t˙DIR DIR b. )ﬂ t˙wa Æbecome bigﬂ When an aspirated initial becomes the final of a preceding syllable, losing its own vowel, it also generally loses its aspiration.
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A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas by Carolyn Mackay