By Blaze Koneski
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Extra info for A historical phonology of the Macedonian language
While the front nasal vowel became an open e (a), the back nasal vowel did not become an open o but rather a (on the ap pearance of 9 in the Drimkol dialect in Debar Region in more recent times, see § 102). Because there is an opinion that the rise of a is evidence of the contact of the phonological systems of the Balkan languages, we should here raise the question of whether the above-mentioned movement of p toward a was due to this contact. While this is pure speculation, it cannot be denied that there are definite points of contact between M on the one hand and Alb and Ar on the other with regard to a.
W e already have examples of the merger of g (dn) and d (e, jot’) in 12th-13th century texts: svets ‘light’ (for svets), seme ‘seed’ (for semg), (na rize) vetbsp ‘old’ loc sg fern Dobr, izbavle sg (for izbavlq, sg) ‘save’ Ohr, ssxrane ‘preserve’, javle ‘appear’ (for sbxranp, javlp) all 1 sg Bol. The dialect of Boboscica (Korge region), which preserves the open e in accented syllables, has this vowel for both the old e (jat’) and for g: gov^aHo ‘beef, cattle’ , vtfdme - vremdato ‘time’ indef - def.
Trubetzkoy challenges this notion in his OCS grammar, however, saying that in those languages with an ‘indefinite vow el’ (schwa), the sound accompanying a liquid is identified with that vowel (or vowels). The occurrence of the vowel before or after the liquid is V o calic r and l 33 dependent on the syllabic structure of the given language. Since OCS was a language with open syllables, syllabic liquids could be interpreted natural ly only as groups of the type “ liquid + weak b, b” . 51 . The basis of the critical attitude toward the traditional interpreta tion is the implicit assumption that Constantine-Cyril could not have per mitted a single graphic form to represent two different pronunciations.
A historical phonology of the Macedonian language by Blaze Koneski