By Harold G. Marcus
Surveying the evolution of the oldest African state from prehistoric to trendy occasions, this learn demonstrates that there's extra to Ethiopia's life than colonial good judgment. It exhibits how geography, economics and tradition have served to unite Ethiopians opposed to fractionalization.
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Additional resources for A History of Ethiopia
He led his forces brilliantly, feinting here, probing there, attacking the weakest units in the Muslim federation, and never permitting his enemy to counter in a mass attack. Pushing his army to the limits of its strength, he even outmaneuvered an enemy that contained units of highly mobile, if fractious, nomads. It was a magisterial effort by a charismatic and resourceful man who also had mastered and united an empire around him. His great victory carried the frontier of Christian power into the Awash valley and beyond.
Between 1443 and 1445, he directed harsh, if intermittent, campaigns in Ethiopia's largely Muslim-inhabited provinces before falling in battle in Dawaro, thereby breaking his army's morale. In return for peace, Adal was made to pay a heavy tribute but was permitted to continue under its own rulers. The region was too vast for the imperial government to garrison, and highlanders hated living among Muslims in the hot, dry country. Since Zara Yakob sought full access to the sea, he looked northward to the Red Sea coast near the Christian-inhabited central highlands of Tigray.
Emperor Fasilidas, who founded the new capital around 1635, obviously hoped to create a strong center around which the remnants of the Christian north could rally. He picked a beautiful site, a flat volcanic ridge at seven thousand feet surrounded by mountains on three sides, but with easy access to Lake Tana in the south. Gonder's climate is warm during the day, cool at night; its two streams afforded plentiful water supplies and its hinterland abundant wood and produce. html[1/18/2011 6:02:22 PM] next page > page_42 < previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 14.
A History of Ethiopia by Harold G. Marcus