Get A History of the Church in Africa PDF

By Bengt Sundkler

ISBN-10: 052158342X

ISBN-13: 9780521583428

В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:

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After the fall of Carthage in 146 BC, North Africa was a vanquished country and now had to keep the conqueror supplied by way of annual tribute, while in Egypt, a Roman colony under Mark Antony since 42 BC, impoverished peasants unable to pay their dues ¯ed from their ®elds into the deserts. Economic pressure and consequent local rebellions in the Delta led to mounting tensions between Rome and Egypt. In order to ensure obedience the Roman emperors demanded signs ± sacri®ce at ®rst of a few grains of egypt 11 incense, and later, the handing over of the Holy Scriptures ± to prove submission to the Emperor.

The Arabs pledged themselves not to wage war against Nubia while the Nubians promised to deliver annually ± later modi®ed to every three years ± 360 slaves `from the ®nest slaves of your country . . both male and female'. The Nubians also promised to look after the mosque built in the Christian capital: `you are not to prevent anyone from worshipping in it . . ' The treaty concludes in terms which could be a guide to modern efforts at a dialogue between the two religions: `Incumbent on you toward us is the utmost 32 the beginnings observance of the good faith of the Messiah and that of the Disciples and of any of the people of your religion and community whom you reverence.

Gnosticism was a complex religious movement with roots in the Old Testament and claiming 12 the beginnings to possess certain secret knowledge ± `gnosis'. Alexandria had these Gnostic systems. Collections of Gnostic manuscripts have been found in the socalled `Nag Hammadi' texts discovered in 1945 in an old fortress in the desert in Upper Egypt. A young priest named Arius, felt that he could lean on Origen for his own doctrine. In order to extol the person of the Father in the Trinity, to safeguard the unity of God, he made the position of the Word (Logos) ± the Son ± secondary and subordinate.

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A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler

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