By Basil Davidson
This article is designed for college students getting ready for O point heritage, providing an exam of a few of the key developments and occasions in West African background from advert 1000-1800.
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Additional resources for A history of West Africa, 1000-1800
N o doubt he and his people wanted freedom of movement for their cattle. Perhaps they also objected to the taxes w h i c h they were supposed to pay their Songhay overlord or his officials. T e n g u e l l a led his warriors across the plains against D i a r a , one of the o l d successorstates of G h a n a whose k i n g was now a vassal (that is, a tax-paying under-king) of the Songhay emperor. T h e r e is reason to think that T e n g u e l l a was encouraged by the reigning emperor of M a l i , who was now a d e c l i n i n g rival of Askia M u h a m m a d of Songhay.
T h i s was Sakuru who proved one of M a l i ' s strongest rulers. H e held power till 1308. After h i m came Mansa Q u and Mansa M u h a m m a d . In 1312 another great ruler came to power, Mansa K a n k a n M u s a . H e ruled t i l l 1337 ,andwas followed by M a n s a M a g h a , who ruled for about four years, and then by Mansa S u l e y m a n , who ruled w i t h m u c h success till about 1360. T h e n came another M a r i - D i a t a who ruled for about thirteen years, and was followed by other kings of less importance.
L i k e the M a l i kings before h i m , M u s a was a M u s l i m . But most of his people were not M u s l i m s . So he supported the religion of i h e M a n d i n k a people as well as Isl am. Different religious customs and ceremonies were allowed at his court. M u s a ' s pilgrimage to Mecca became lamous. H e began it i n 1324. H i s magnificent journey through the Egyptian capital of C a i r o was long remembered w i t h admiration and surprise throughout Egypt and A r a b i a , for M u s a took w i t h h i m so m u c h gold, and gave away so many golden gifts, that 'the people of C a i r o earned very b i g sums' thanks to his visit.
A history of West Africa, 1000-1800 by Basil Davidson