By Martin Maiden
Publish yr note: First released in 1995 through Longman Publishing
A Linguistic historical past of Italian bargains a transparent and concise clarification of why glossy Italian grammar has develop into how it is. It specializes in the results of historic alterations at the smooth constitution of Italian, revealing styles and constructions which aren't continually obvious to people who are just acquainted with glossy Italian. even though the ebook concentrates at the inner historical past of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader historical past of the background of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements akin to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present learn are integrated, masking a variety of phenomena lately dropped at mild or re-evaluated.
This e-book comprises dialogue of a few parts rather overlooked via past histories of the language, similar to the advance of Italian outdoor Italy. specific awareness is paid to the impression of different Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language by means of a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing basically awarded examples, the publication is designed to be obtainable to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to for this reason attract scholars of normal linguistics, background linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' heritage of Italian presently to be had in English.
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Additional resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
Dici 'di:fi vs. dichi 'diOO, the former being the second person singular present indicative of dire, and the latter being a popular form of the present subjunctive of dire 'to say' (readers can find for themselves hundreds of other minimal pairs of this kind). Therefore, [fl and [kl (or rather IfI and /k/, to present them in traditional phonemic representation, cf. section 4, above) are separate phonemes. When a once phonetically conditioned difference results in sounds which are phonemically distinct, and cannot be derived exclusively from their phonetic environment, we know that speakers must by now be associating the phonetic difference with differences of meaning.
H8l]ka > anca 'hip'; *'haspa > aspa 'reel'. , HORRIBILEM 'horrible' and HABITARE 'to dwell' are borrowed as or'ri:bile and abi'ta:re. 2 Emergence of the voiced fricative [v] Latin possessed the voiceless fricative [f], but lacked its voiced counterpart Iv] (fricatives are consonants uttered by expelling air between speech organs, in this case the lips and the teeth, which are brought close together, thereby producing turbulence). There are two major sources of [v] in Romance. 1); the other is Latin word-internal intervocalic [b], which gave [v] in common Proto-Romance, probably via the fricative Iii]: FABA(M) > Java 'bean'; HABEBAT > aveva 'he had'; DEBET> deve 'he must'.
One ascribes the diphthongization to a development of phonetically lengthened stressed vowels which is 'unconditioned' or 'spontaneous', in the sense that it is a change naturally affecting stressed vowels in open syllables which is not triggered either by following or by preceding sounds; the other sees the origin of SOSD in an assimilatory phonetic process called metaphony. The balance of evidence, as we shall see below, favours the latter, metaphonic, explanation. To anticipate the elements of the argument, we may say that SOSD is likely to be of metaphonic origin because the diphthong is identical to the type of diphthong produced by metaphony, and because metaphony, like SOSD, seems originally to have been limited to open syllables.
A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library) by Martin Maiden