By P. G. von Mollendorff
A Manchu Grammar: with Analysed Texts
Paul Georg von Mollendorff
--Alphabet (Table) Pronunciation
--Harmony of Vowels
--Diphthongs and Triphthongs
--Word adjustments and international phrases
--Nouns and Adjectives, Terminations, Plural Case Affixes
--Verbs, Derivation, Moods and Tenses, Irregularities, Negation
Manchu Texts with Translation and research
Index of Affixes and phrases
Appendix--European Literature Treating on Manchu
There is as but no grammar of the Manchu language in English. Wylie's translation of Tsing Wan Ki Mung, Shanghai, 1855, one of those Mauchu hand-book for using chinese language, although helpful and whole of curiosity, is certainly not a grammar.
The basic curiosity taken in each language will, in fact, be additionally prolonged to Manchu; nonetheless a number of phrases appear essential to convey the actual usefulness of its learn.
There exist in all approximately 25O works in Manchu, the vast majority of which arc translations from the chinese language. They encompass translations from the Classics, a few historic and metaphysical works, literary essays, collections of well-known writers, novels, poetry, legislation and laws, Imperial edicts, dictionaries, word books, ere. each one of these translations are very good, yet they're all literal. finished lower than the eyes of clever princes, they shape a competent expression of the which means of the chinese language textual content and feature as a result a correct to recognition equivalent to that loved by way of commentaries of excellent writers. Manchu being infinitely more uncomplicated to benefit than chinese language, those translations are an outstanding support in the direction of acquiring a transparent perception into chinese language syntax, and students like Stanislas Julien, who owed the awesome precision in his renderings to his wisdom of Manchu, have many times pointed this out. In a letter addressed to Dr. Legge he alludes to the research of Manchu as being of significant counsel in translating the Classics. Dr. Legge, despite the fact that, within the preface to his translation of the Shuking, mentioned himself opposed to it. the explanations complex via this nice student aren't very cogent, and, actually, now not realizing the language, he used to be not often powerfuble to pass judgement on. yet, whether he have been correct, others should be in a special place. Dr. Legge was once possibly extra lucky or extra talented than most folks and had a radical mastery of chinese language on the time while St. Julien wrote to him. those that locate chinese language more challenging have a tendency to contemplate the Manchu translations a good aid.
This grammar being meant for the sensible function of guiding the coed in...
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Additional info for A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts
1. Questions. Although many Latin books today have modern puncnlation added for clarity, Latin had no question mark. Thus, certain words had to be used in sentences to show that a question was being asked. a. A question word like cur, why? asks a direct question. Cur manes Why do you stay? b. A simple question is indicated by -ne on the end of the first word. Suntne boni Are they good? c. Nonne at the beginning of a sentence asks a question expecting the answer yes. Nonne sunt boni They are good , aren't they?
Dat. Ace. Abl. Voc. proelium proelii/proeli proelio proelium proelio proelium PLURAL the battle of the battle to, for the battle the battle from/with/ by/in the battle o battle proelia proeliorum proeliis proelia proeliis proelia the battles of the battles to, for the battles the battles from/with/by lin the battles o battles Regardless of the peculiarities of individual nouns, the case endings for o-declension neuter nouns are: CASE SINGULAR PLURAL Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc. Abl. Voc. -urn -i -a -orum -is -a -is -a -0 -unl -0 -unl Practice Exercises No.
7. Latinus in Latio regnat. 8. Aeneas Latinum oppugnare parat et castra ibi aedificat. 9. Castra erant Alba Longa. 10. Aeneas Latinum superat et Latium occupat. 11. Populus Lati erat Latinus et lingua erat Latina. Alba Longa 1. Alba Longa was a town in ancient Italy. 2. It was in Latium and had wide and good fields. 3. Virgil told about Alba Longa in his story. 4. Because the people of Greece conquered Troy, many men were famous. S. Aeneas is truly famous . 6. He did not stay in Troy, but sailed to Latium.
A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts by P. G. von Mollendorff