By Colin Brown
This succinct paintings of background charts the expansion of Indonesia, a striking country of greater than 6,000 inhabited islands. With lucid originality, the textual content contains greater than 2 million years of historical past with intensity and brevity-particularly concentrating on Indonesia's improvement right into a microcosm of a multi-ethnic sleek global. Many present issues are perceptively addressed, similar to the legacy of European-Asian exchange, Dutch colonialism, and the emergence of what has develop into the biggest Muslim inhabitants on the earth.
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Additional info for A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation?
Contemporaneous Sanskrit language inscriptions found in Kalimantan also refer to a state called Kutei on the Mahakam river. By the seventh century, according to Chinese sources, there were two states in particular in the archipelago that were dominant: Ho-ling in Java and Srivijaya in Sumatera. Hindu and Buddhist societies We first hear of the state of Ho-ling—we still know it only by its Chinese name—when it appears in Chinese records as having sent a trade delegation to China in 640. By this time it held a crucial position in archipelago trade, probably having displaced Tarumanegara as the primary commercial intermediary between Java and the eastern islands.
In the tenth century, however, the Java–Bali relationship changed markedly, a change symbolised by the marriage from which Airlangga was born. From this time onwards, the norms and mores of 23 A Short History of Indonesia the Javanese court were increasingly to become the standard reference points for the Balinese, in terms of defining both their religious and social identities. Airlangga’s reign saw the composition of the epic poem Arjunawiwaha, or ‘The Marriage of Arjuna’, by the court poet Mpu Kanwa.
The Srivijayan capital was a cosmopolitan place, with many foreigners living there more or less permanently. Its residents included Chinese, Javanese, people from various parts of the south Asian subcontinent, including Bengalis and Gujeratis, and Persians from west Asia. Srivijayans, too, resided overseas, and especially in Canton where, from late in the seventh century to the middle of the eighth, they were seen as the leaders of the resident foreign trading community. The Srivijayans were not simply merchants and traders; they were also skilled boatbuilders and navigators.
A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation? by Colin Brown