By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs replicate the inhuman pursuits and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities while they struggle to the loss of life over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug exchange. yet John Hagedorn, usually, additionally unearths desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, harmony, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the desire tradition of resistance will eventually succeed over the forces of self-destruction. even if one stocks his optimism or no longer, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm could be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it's an essential paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial analyzing for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those that now dwell in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous good points of lifestyle. notwithstanding nonetheless so much heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, all over the world phenomenon that play an important position in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to non secular and political violence. In a global of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this overseas proliferation of the city gang by reason of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 international cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn finds, the nihilistic allure of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any capability necessary” offers very important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs all over the world. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful observe. presenting ways that gangs will be inspired to beat their violent trends, Hagedorn appeals to neighborhood leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop that allows you to carry gangs into broader pursuits for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of legal justice on the college of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and other people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Extra resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
It must have been good! When a man kills, it’s for something. . I didn’t know I was really alive in the world until I felt things hard enough to kill for ’em. . ”9 There is no passion or ideals. The hope of a better world has disappeared. ” Holding a full cultural critique for a later chapter, I focus here on optimism as one consequence of the modern project, whether in its liberal, nationalist, or Marxist form. 11 Events over the past century, however, have provided evidence of the incapacity of both liberal and socialist programs to signiﬁcantly reduce human suﬀering.
Gangs are a normal feature of today’s contested cities, physically and symbolically divided by race, religion, ethnicity, gender, and income. As long as the new globalized economy and polity produce inequality and prolong suffering, gangs will be one of a panoply of angry, and often armed, responses. The War on Terror, Social Movements, and Gangs The most common public policy response to gangs is, of course, repression. S. S. government has basically grafted the war on gangs and drugs onto the war on terror, the twenty-ﬁrst-century version of our 1950s anticommunist crusade.
And given the entrenched nature of inequality worldwide, I repeat, today’s gangs are not going away soon, no matter what we do. The response I favor lies in bringing gangs and those on society’s margins into broader social movements, while demanding they take steps to shed their violent, antisocial skin. This is a diﬃcult task and, for most gangs, may prove impossible, as well as raise the eyebrows of many of my readers. However, one historical lesson of this book is that the gang is not a frozen form, unchangeably violent or terminally hostile.
A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture by John M. Hagedorn