New PDF release: Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and

By Richard Twine

ISBN-10: 1844078302

ISBN-13: 9781844078301

In Animals as Biotechnology sociologist Richard wire areas the query of human/animal relatives on the center of sustainability and weather switch debates. The e-book is formed through the emergence of 2 contradictory developments inside of our method of nonhuman animals: the biotechnological flip in animal sciences, which goals to extend the potency and profitability of meat and dairy creation; and the rising box of severe animal experiences - normally within the humanities and social sciences - which matches to query the character of our relationships with different animals. the 1st a part of the e-book makes a speciality of ethics, studying seriously the dominant paradigms of bioethics and gear relatives among human and non-human. the second one half considers animal biotechnology and political economic climate, analyzing commercialisation and law. the ultimate a part of the booklet centres on discussions of sustainability, limits and an exam of the clients for animal ethics if biotechnology turns into a part of the dominant agricultural paradigm. wire concludes through contemplating no matter if becoming calls to lessen our intake of meat/dairy items within the face of weather switch threats are in reality complicit with an anthropocentric figuring out of sustainability and that what's wanted is a extra primary moral and political wondering of family and differences among people, animals and nature.

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Extra info for Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies

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In a sense they are ghostlike, in the background. Although animal research has become integral to the development of these new biosciences and potential therapies, when it comes to their discussion and ethical analysis, the presence of animals is often absent from the conversation. MacNaghten (2004) has argued that bioethics, especially the way it becomes operationalized in public policy circles, essentially fetishizes a dichotomous either/or choice between utilitarian or deontological ethics. He argues that in such circles a wide range of relevant social and ethical issues may be overlooked, including: Concerns over the unforeseen side-effects of the technology, possible unease about current institutional and commercial commitments to the technology, uncertainty about the integrity and adequacy of present patterns of government regulation and in particular about ‘scientific’ reassurances of safety, and ambiva­lence towards the tacit notions of control, precision and ‘improvement’ in dominant institutional portrayals of the technology.

He writes: By presenting habit as an alternative to the highly deliberative and reflective view of norm formation, we can undercut and problematize the rigidity of the division between rational man and irrational nature, and create a common ground between humans and nonhuman animals, since habit is neither purely rational nor natural, but is a comprehensive way of experiencing the world that we share with animals. (2008, p189) As well as questioning an ever-present rational basis of human ethical behaviour, these points also require an understanding of the ethical that transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries, since an examination of the habitual would also enrol, for example, sociological, historical and psychological perspectives.

First, it has been argued that the framing of bioethics around the four principles of ‘autonomy’, ‘justice’, ‘beneficence’ and ‘nonmaleficence’ (associated especially with the influential work of Beauchamp and Childress, 1979) falsely abstracts and universalizes bioethical issues and that, furthermore, this context-stripping ought to be addressed by empirical research that addresses the lived, embodied, experiential and complex particularistic nature of ethical decision-making (see, for example, Benatar, 1997; Chadwick and Levitt, 1997; Light and McGee, 1998; DeVries and Conrad, 1998; Gervais, 1998; Schotsmans, 1999; Spallone et al, 2000; 38 A nimals as B iotechnology Haimes, 2002; Levitt, 2003; Lopez, 2004).

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Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies by Richard Twine

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