Download e-book for kindle: Aperçu général de la science comparative des langues by Louis Benloew

By Louis Benloew

ISBN-10: 1108006698

ISBN-13: 9781108006699

The German-born philologist Louis Benloew (1818-1900) studied at Berlin, Leipzig and Göttingen ahead of settling in France. Aperçu général de los angeles technological know-how comparative des langues (first released in 1858) is his best-known paintings. during this moment variation of 1872, which include his personal additional learn at the Celtic languages, he makes use of the comparative research of grammar and vocabulary to spot relationships among languages and to categorise them into households. no longer all of his conclusions - particularly these connecting the so-called Japhetic (i.e. Indo-European) relatives to the Semitic languages - are nonetheless authorized, however the formidable scope of his paintings and the diversity of his world-wide comparisons supply an invaluable perception into the nation of linguistic examine within the mid-nineteenth century.

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Extra info for Aperçu général de la science comparative des langues

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I, p. 18. , i, p. 42. — 21 — un /, et c'est conforme'ment a tous ces principes a la fois que, voulant prononcer a sa facon le mot de Christus, il dira, en articulanl chaque syllabe comme un mot se'pare': Ki li su tu su. § 5 . — QUELQUES AUTRES CARACTERES DES LANGUES PRIMITIVES. A c6te de cetle pauvrete" de sons nous trouvons dans les langues primitives quelquefois une richesse de formes et d'expressions qui ne semble accuser qu'une impuissance bien grande de la pense"e. Dans ces memes lies de la Socie'te' on se sert d'un autre terme pour la queue d'ua chien, d'un autre pour celle d'un oiseau, et d'un autre encore pour celle d'un poisson.

On a d^couvert d'autres series de verbes que celles citees par Gesenius, et on s'est essay6 depuis a la tache difficile de reduire le glossaire des bissyllabes a une liste de racines monosyllabiques; seulement ces tentatives n'ont pas encore ete couronnees d'un plein succes : car, dans de certains cas, c'est presque 6chouer que de trop reussir. On a cru pareillement pendant longtemps que le malais, le tagal, le tongue et 1'idiome de la Nouvelle-Ze"lande, avaient pour racines surtout des bissyllabes.

Est-ce qu'en Europe un enfant age de trois ans parlerait bien diffeYemmenl? Le meme monosyliabe serf a exprimer une-foule d'idees indiquees uniquement par le changement de l'accent. Ainsi tschoun signifie : maitre, cochon, cuisine, colonne, liberal, pr6parer, -vieille femme, briser, propice, peu, humecter, esclave, prisonnier (2). On trouve des faits analogues dans les langues des Mantschous, des habitants de Taiti et des iles de la Societe. L'etat de toutes ces langues est rudimentaire sous le double rapport du son et de la pens6e.

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Aperçu général de la science comparative des langues by Louis Benloew

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