By Harald Bathelt, Maryann Feldman, Dieter F. Kogler
The major function of the booklet is to debate new tendencies within the dynamic geography of innovation and argue that during an period of accelerating globalization, developments appear particularly dominant: inflexible territorial types of innovation, and localized configurations of leading edge actions. The publication brings jointly students who're engaged on those themes. instead of concentrating on confirmed innovations and theories, the ebook goals to query slender factors, inflexible territorializations, and simplistic coverage frameworks; it presents proof that innovation, whereas no longer completely depending on local contexts, should be encouraged via place-specific attributes.
The ebook will collect new empirical and conceptual paintings through an interdisciplinary crew of top students from components reminiscent of fiscal geography, innovation experiences, and political technological know-how. in keeping with fresh discussions surrounding innovation platforms of alternative kinds, it goals to synthesize cutting-edge information and supply new views at the position of innovation and data production within the international political economy.
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Extra info for Beyond Territory: Dynamic Geographies of Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Innovation
We take up this issue further in the analysis below. Rigby and Essletzbichler (2002), Henderson (2003) and Baldwin et al. (2008) reveal that the strength of Marshall's different mechanisms of agglomeration operate unevenly across individual manufacturing industries. This likely reflects variations in production characteristics and potential sources of competitive advantage across industrial sectors. In this chapter we seek to push investigation of Marshallian localization economies 23 this issue further, exploring the existence and the strength of Marshall's agglomer ation economies across groups of finns distinguished broadly on the basis of their capacity to generate economies internally.
We add metropolitan population size as a proxy for urbanization economies that are not captured elsewhere in our model. The benefits of urban size are many. Large urban economies bring with them greater industrial and occupa tional diversity that facilitate the transfer of innovations across industries (Jacobs 1 969) and that are thought to help incubate new firms (Duranton and Puga 2001 ) . g. highways, airports, ports and communications networks). ) is expressed as: VA = A K a 14wL�pw' (1) where K i s a measure of capital input, Lfll• is the number of production workers is the number of non-production workers.
L. Rigby Labor productivity can then be defined as (KJ� ( J� a _ LP = Ar VA a L � Lpw fJ+a+a-1 Lpw1-a (7) ' where A = A ll(I-a) and r = r1 1<1-a). Equation (7) can be used to solve for the values of a, fJ and O'. Hence, despite the fact that we do not examine the effect of the capital-to-labor ratio on productivity directly, we are able to recover an estimate. Tn order to estimate (7) we include a multiplicative error tenn F. and use its logarithmic transformation: 1n LP;Jk = ln A + ln r- + s; u1 - -- ln K; VA; + s; u2 ln Lnpw,i Lpw,i + s; u3 ln Lpw,; + ln c;, (8) -l indexes .
Beyond Territory: Dynamic Geographies of Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Innovation by Harald Bathelt, Maryann Feldman, Dieter F. Kogler