By Andres Solimano
Reaching peace and selling fiscal and social improvement are the 2 major demanding situations dealing with nations like Colombia, plagued by a major inner armed clash. numerous reports, together with this one, point out that Colombia's violence and armed clash stem from a posh interplay of financial, social, historic and political elements. This ebook concludes that reaching and consolidating peace is vital for Colombia. with out sustained peace, there'll no longer be any monetary and social improvement. Peace, as soon as accomplished, needs to be supported via huge household consensus and through fiscal and public rules that advertise fiscal development, activity production, and nutrients defense, between different matters. one of the books different conclusions, is that peace would require deep institutional reforms, in all probability a brand new social agreement.
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Additional resources for Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development: Colombia (Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction)
Guerrilla activity, extortion, and kidnapping have severely undermined the landowning class and contributed substantially to political violence in rural areas. However, it has not broken the domination of the landowners or brought about more equitable patterns of landholding. Unequal Access to Political Power Interrelated with agrarian issues at the structural level are perceived inequalities in access to political power resulting from, for instance, the Frente Nacional, (1958-74), which excluded nontraditional political groups.
VIOLENCE IN COLOMBIA 37 Changing Policy Approaches to Violence Intervention In identifying changing policy approaches, a broad shift can be delineated from approaches focused on controlling violence to those concentrated on preventing it, to more recent perspectives directed at rebuilding social capital. 3). More than one approach can be adopted simultaneously, and established perspectives are often combined with more innovative ones. * Criminal justice is one of the most widely established approaches.
While accurate measurements of the costs of violence are critical, assessments of the impacts of violence on the country's capital-its stocks of assets-can also further understanding of the situation. 11 To identify the costs of sustained high levels of violence to Colombian society, highlighting the links between vulnerability and asset ownership is also useful. 1 FOUR KINDS OF CAPITAL AND THEIR ASSOCIATED ASSETS Physicalcapital(also known as produced or man-made capital) comprises a country's stock of plant, equipment, infrastructure, and other productive resources owned by individuals, businesses, or the country itself.
Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development: Colombia (Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction) by Andres Solimano