Mitch Earleywine's Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience PDF

By Mitch Earleywine

ISBN-10: 0195165314

ISBN-13: 9780195165319

A minimum of one in every of each 3 americans has used a bootleg drug. medicines allure enormous awareness in technological know-how, laws, and the media. still, many of us strengthen attitudes approximately medicinal drugs and drug clients in keeping with constrained info. Researchers frequently locate themselves divided into camps in accordance with the drug they examine traditionally, which limits their skill to learn from vital paintings performed on different medications. consequently, govt guidelines shape and not using a entire figuring out of the intoxication event. what's the nature of intoxication? first and foremost, this question seems to be basic and easy, yet upon nearer inspection, the dichotomous differences among daily knowledge and its choices develop fuzzy. An in-depth exam of the subjective results of substances and the pursuit of altered states quickly ends up in age-old questions about unfastened will, heredity, surroundings, and realization. Mind-Altering medicinal drugs is the 1st booklet to compile chapters from top researchers that current varied, empirically dependent insights into the subjective reports of gear a nd their hyperlinks to addictive power. through keeping off basic depictions of psychoactive chemical compounds and the folks who use them, those famous specialists clarify how sleek learn in lots of fields unearths a fancy interplay among humans, occasions, and components. Their paintings demonstrates that just a multitude of methods can express the nuances of subjective adventure, and that every substance could create a unique impact with each management in each one person. uncomplicated references to physiological underpinnings or optimistic reinforcement fail to give an explanation for the varied responses to medications. despite the fact that, learn has advanced to bare wide, repeatable facts that the subjective results of gear play an immense function in our figuring out of drug abuse, and so should still tell our judgements approximately coverage. This thorough and obtainable assessment of the subjective results of gear and the dominant theories at the back of these results will supply a wealth of knowledge concerning the adventure of intoxication for lay readers, and a highway map to reviews in different disciples for scholar researchers.

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New PDF release: Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Not less than certainly one of each 3 americans has used a bootleg drug. medications allure substantial cognizance in technology, laws, and the media. still, many folks enhance attitudes approximately medicines and drug clients according to restricted details. Researchers usually locate themselves divided into camps in line with the drug they learn mainly, which limits their skill to learn from vital paintings performed on different medicinal drugs.

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E. ). (1984). Testing drugs for physical dependence and abuse liability (NIDA Research Monograph No. 52). Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. Carroll, M. E. (1996a). Reducing drug abuse by enriching the environment with alternative non-drug reinforcers. In L. Green & J. ), Advances in behavioral economics (Vol. 3, pp. 37–68). Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Carroll, M. E. (1996b). Relapse prevention as a psychosocial treatment: A review of controlled clinical trials.

According to the general model of ASCs, the content of a state of consciousness is a function of the internal set and external setting; regardless of the catalyst or trigger, which might be a drug, hypnotic induction, shock, rhythmic sounds, music, and so forth. Altered states of consciousness, whether induced by drugs or other means, differ energetically on the dimensions of (a) arousal versus sedation, (b) pleasure versus pain, and (c) expansion versus contraction. I argue that the classical hallucinogenic or psychedelic drugs are consciousness expanding and therefore opposite in effect to drugs, such as the opiates, alcohol, cocaine, and amphetamines, that can lead to addicted, fixated, contracted states of consciousness.

Sensitivity of nicotine-containing and de-nicotinized cigarette consumption to alternative non-drug reinforcement: A behavioral economic analysis. Behavioral Pharmacology, 12, 277–284. 24 MIND-ALTERING DRUGS Sigmon, S. , Badger, G. , Anthony, S. , & Higgins, S. T. (2000). Contingent reinforcement of marijuana abstinence among individuals with serious mental illness: A feasibility study. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 8, 509–517. , Stitzer, M. , & Bigelow, G. E. (2001). A reinforcement-based therapeutic workplace for the treatment of drug abuse: Six-month abstinence outcomes.

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Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience by Mitch Earleywine

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