By Gillis Een, Sten Joste
Information regarding acceptable know-how to be had to constructing nations is usual. what's hardly accomplished is a stream of the particular applied sciences themselves among nations - and the assumption Awards goal to stimulate this move of precious know-how among needy humans in numerous environments. This ebook includes profiles of over eighty technical suggestions within the box of improvement, which characterize applied sciences submitted to the Innovation for improvement organization for his or her 1990 awards. 5 major topic components are lined: water, strength, forestry, farming and fishing, and the factors for judging the nominations have been sustainability, self-reliance and socio-economic reputation. the most function of this e-book is to disseminate wisdom of techniques which were built and confirmed in actual environments with genuine wishes, and in shut touch with end-users. many of the techniques offered have a whole web page each one, a few are illustrated, and all are observed by way of contacts of individuals and addresses. those eighty plus ideas will certainly be as helpful because the unique hundred ("100 techniques for development") and having already proved their price as soon as, may still end up their use world wide.
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Information regarding applicable know-how to be had to constructing nations is usual. what's rarely completed is a circulation of the particular applied sciences themselves among international locations - and the belief Awards goal to stimulate this move of worthy expertise among needy humans in several environments. This publication involves profiles of over eighty technical strategies within the box of improvement, which symbolize applied sciences submitted to the Innovation for improvement organization for his or her 1990 awards.
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Extra info for More Innovation For Development
October 2008); and national source. Notes: Figures for 2008 are estimates. 18. , October 2008). Note: 20 Figures refer to foreign reserves, excluding gold. CHAPTER 1. 19. 21. Stock of foreign portfolio investments as a percentage of reserves for selected emerging Asian countries, 2001 and 2007 180 30 160 25 140 120 Per cent 15 40 5 20 2007 Note: Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. 20. , 2008). Notes: Derived from international investment position (IIP) of respective economies, including the categories of stock of portfolio investment and financial derivatives investment, excluding direct investments and other investments.
In particular, many refugees and internally displaced populations depend on food assistance for their survival and generally do not have access to land for farming, employment or income generation. During a crisis, low-skilled immigrants, especially the untrained, are among the first to be laid off because they are concentrated in vulnerable sectors, such as construction or tourism, and often hold temporary jobs. The very poor and the socially excluded as well as non-citizens are especially at risk of being exploited due to an inability to earn enough to obtain basic necessities for themselves and their families and due to their lack of access to social protection.
Oct-08 Nov-08 Import growth Source: ESCAP, “Regional trade and investment: Trends, issues and ESCAP responses”, note by the secretariat prepared for the sixty-fifth session of the Commission, April 2009 (E/ESCAP/65/2). Note: ESCAP economies include: Armenia, Australia, China, Georgia, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Hong Kong, China and Macao, China. Note: Economies for which data available: China, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, China and Macao, China.
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