By Susan Williams
Albert Einstein informed President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939 that the world’s in simple terms provide of uniquely top of the range uranium orethe key component for bomb might be present in the Katanga province of the Belgian Congo on the Shinkolobwe Mine. as soon as the united states new york undertaking used to be devoted to constructing atomic guns for the struggle opposed to Germany and Japan, the push to obtain this uranium grew to become a most sensible priorityone deemed vital to the welfare of the United States.”
But covertly exporting it from Africa posed a huge probability: the ore needed to trip through a spy-infested Angolan port or 1,500 miles via rail throughout the Congo, after which be shipped by way of boats or Pan Am Clippers to security within the usa. it may be poached or smuggled at any aspect at the orders of Nazi Germany. To strive against that hazard, the united states workplace of Strategic companies despatched in a group of intrepid spies, led by means of Wilbur Owings Dock” Hogue, to be America’s eyes and ears and to guard its most respected and harmful cargo.
Packed with newly found info from American and British documents, this can be the gripping, real tale of the unsung heroism of a handful of fine menand one womanin colonial Africa who risked their lives within the struggle opposed to fascism and helped deny Hitler his atomic bomb.
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Extra resources for Spies in the Congo: America’s Atomic Mission in World War II
36 Dock Hogue fitted the bill perfectly. Where Hogue differed from many other OSS personnel, however, was his tough upbringing and lack of social status. For OSS overwhelmingly recruited staff from the privileged worlds of the Ivy League—elite universities such as Yale, Princeton and Harvard. 37 This contributed to the glamour that was associated with the service. 38 One British intelligence official, Malcolm Muggeridge, who was stationed in Lourenço Marques (now Maputo) in Mozambique (also known at the time as Portuguese East Africa) by the Special Operations Executive—the British counterpart of OSS, which was set up in July 1940—was struck by the patrician backgrounds of the OSS men he met.
58 Secret Intelligence handled the direction of missions and back office functions. Rud Boulton—whose codenumber for use in pouch letters and cables was 951—would be the chief point of contact for Dock Hogue in the Congo, whose codenumber was 253. He carefully briefed Hogue on the demands of his mission, which resembled that of other OSS officers in Africa: to spy on enemy agents and their activities; to devise ways and means of expanding American intelligence operations to meet future developments on the African continent; and to obtain secret military and economic information.
The British Opposites 11. FLARE 12. The Cutout 13. LOCUST 14. ‘Hotbed of Spies’ 15. Framed 16. Collaborating with the Nazis 17. A Dead Shot 18. Stehli the Detective 19. ‘One Minute to Midnight’ 20. Hiroshima 21. Atomic Spies 22. Conclusion: The Missing Link Appendix List of Illustrations Notes and Sources Archive Repositories Bibliography Filmography Acknowledgements Index Photographs follow page 200. , Chef de Sûreté, Léopoldville, Belgian Congo Beecher, Willard, OSS Africa Section personnel and training officer, Washington Benton, J.
Spies in the Congo: America’s Atomic Mission in World War II by Susan Williams