By Mark Halle, Oli Brown, Lloyd Axworthy
'A compelling contribution to our evolving knowing of the hyperlinks among exchange, relief and defense � and what the foreign neighborhood must do to make sure peace and improvement within the world.' Achim Steiner, government Director, United countries surroundings Programme 'For a long way too lengthy the foreign neighborhood ahs stood via whereas international locations worldwide descend into clash and anarchy. we have to know the way we will interact extra successfully with fragile and failing states. exchange, relief and protection is a vital step during this direction.' Jan Pronk, detailed consultant of the UN normal Secretary in Sudan and previous Minister of improvement and the surroundings, The Netherlands. 'As we start to think about what the post-Iraq international will seem like it will be important that we think of the boundaries of the software of challenging strength and the significance that improvement can play in averting failed states prior to they fail, fighting conflicts and extra effectively re-building states. This well timed booklet makes a most crucial contribution to that process.' Lord Paddy Ashdown, UN excessive consultant for Boznia and Herzegovina, 2002 � 2006 chief of united kingdom Liberal Democrat occasion, 1988 � 1999 'As UN specified consultant to the nice Lakes zone of Africa i've got visible the devastating effect of the exchange in �conflict assets� with my very own eyes. among a lot else, this ebook indicates how assorted exchange and reduction politics can take on the alternate in clash assets and make a true contribution to safe societies. it truly is crucial reading.' Mohamed Sahnoun, distinctive consultant of the UN Secretary basic in primary and East Africa. Iraq, Afghanistan, Darfur. All resonate loudly at the foreign degree, exposing and illustrating the intractable hyperlinks among worldwide safety, regulate over naturals assets � be it oil, water, trees or 'conflict diamonds' � and the manipulation of overseas reduction and overseas alternate coverage. This quantity, written via best experts from around the globe, introduces the linkages among alternate, reduction and protection, and exposes how beside the point or misused exchange and relief coverage can and do undermine safety and give a contribution to violence and the disintegration of nationwide states. On a pragmatic point they exhibit how six key parts of exchange and reduction coverage can be utilized to aid forge balance and safety, lessen the chance of armed clash, and support monetary and political restoration in our war-torn international.
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Additional info for Trade, Aid and Security: An Agenda for Peace and Development
They present case studies of how trade and aid policy have so far often been misused, and show not only why they must be changed but how they can be. Together they form an agenda for action. Chapter 1 looks at how trade policies can be designed to reduce, rather than increase, the likelihood or longevity of conﬂict. As above, it demonstrates how the current system of international trade is fundamentally unfair and biased towards rich countries and the corporations based in those states. The chapter argues for an approach to trade policy that recognizes the value of security – including improving market access for poor country exports, Introduction 15 increasing support for developing country efforts to diversity their economies, and allowing poor countries greater trade policy ﬂexibility.
Yet aid is still often used as a weapon of foreign policy by donors, irrespective of its impact on poor people – the mass withdrawal of aid from the Palestinian Authority after the election of a Hamas-led government in January 2006 being just one example. Similarly, aid can be used to impose donor-country moral positions regardless of the development consequences, as seen in the US refusal to support family planning policies. Most commonly now, the conditions imposed on their economies by the international ﬁnancial institutions often exacerbate instability in poor countries.
However, domestic and corporate lobbies successfully diluted the initiative by keeping import duties on sugar and rice until 2009 and on bananas until 2006 – among the most important exports of developing countries. While the EBA is a welcome step, it is a much smaller one than generally assumed. e. at current levels of exports) of the EBA to poor countries would be just $7 million. e. as countries began to take advantage of more open markets) but the extent of these was hard to predict. The analysis showed that the gains to the LDCs were likely to be so low because only $95 million worth of exports were actually affected (Stevens and Kennan, 2001).
Trade, Aid and Security: An Agenda for Peace and Development by Mark Halle, Oli Brown, Lloyd Axworthy