By Christian Emery (auth.)
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Extra info for US Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution: The Cold War Dynamics of Engagement and Strategic Alliance
Although the US–Iranian military relationship continued to escalate both in the volume and sophistication of arms and equipment supplied, some of the Shah’s policies were troubling to Western leaders. 84 Nor was he a mere pawn in the game of great powers. Resentful of the West’s access to cheap oil whilst Iran was forced to pay top-rate for expensive Western technology, he announced his intention to quadruple 24 US Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution the price of oil. The audacious move marked a re-balancing of relations between the US and Iran.
12 For having the temerity of pursuing a foreign policy focussed exclusively on Iran’s national interest, Republicans now criticised the Shah’s support for high oil prices and issued demands for the White House to curb arms sales and revisit plans to sell nuclear reactors to Iran. Fewer Republicans were now willing to defend the Shah’s human rights record. Increased Congressional criticism on the substance of US–Iranian relations dovetailed with a wider struggle in executive–legislative relations over the control of US foreign policy.
43 Both were unwilling or unable to do so. The next most senior-ranking ofﬁcials in the State Department with a remit covering Iran were Assistant Secretary for the NEA region, Harold Saunders, and Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bill Crawford. In the critical months of August, which saw mass demonstrations, the resignation of Prime Minister Jamshid Amouzegar, and the Shah’s conﬁdence ﬁnally collapse, Saunders was totally preoccupied with preparing for the Camp David conference. His immediate deputy, Bill Crawford, was an Arabist with little or no knowledge of Iran and was happy to delegate affairs to Precht.
US Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution: The Cold War Dynamics of Engagement and Strategic Alliance by Christian Emery (auth.)