World Economic and Social Survey 2008: Overcoming Economic by United Nations PDF

By United Nations

ISBN-10: 1435663926

ISBN-13: 9781435663923

ISBN-10: 9211091578

ISBN-13: 9789211091571

In line with the Survey, monetary lack of confidence arises from the publicity of people, groups and international locations to hostile occasions, and from their lack of ability to deal with and get over the disadvantage losses. neighborhood issues were compounded through new worldwide threats as unregulated markets and weather switch. The Survey deals a special procedure with a powerful social agreement and extra built-in and pragmatic fiscal and social coverage. It demands extra energetic coverage responses to assist groups higher deal with those new hazards, elevated funding in fighting threatening occasions from rising and extra concerted efforts to reinforce the underlying social contracts that are, in any case, the true foundation of a safer, good and simply destiny.

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Additional resources for World Economic and Social Survey 2008: Overcoming Economic Insecurity

Sample text

Managing commodity booms proved particularly difficult in the past; and downturns, particularly when these have been sharp, have left a significantly damaged economy which it has been difficult to turn around. 1). The lack of control over these variables, especially by smaller economies that cannot influence the external environment, has created greater and harder-to-manage economic insecurity. 1 The macroeconomics of food security According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), “food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”.

Their effects are often transmitted by way of public sector accounts, especially through the effects of available financing on government spending and of interest rates on the public debt service. However, the stronger effects typically run through private spending and balance sheets. The shift towards export-led strategies in the developing world has actually accentuated this pattern in many countries. The growing influence of financial calculation has increased commodity price volatility, the impact of which on the business cycle is further amplified by pro-cyclical policies, among others, by expanding fiscal expenditures during the boom and reducing spending when prices are down.

However, bringing the State back into focus in the security agenda also requires a better marriage of economic and social agendas (chap. V), which can strengthen efficiency gains and create a stronger growth environment. Doing this will probably necessitate a shift from an approach comprising targeted social policies and universal economic rules to one characterized by a more universal social agenda and targeted economic policies. 7 Guaranteeing economic security requires an integrated policy approach which mixes regulation, redistribution and risk management 8 World Economic and Social Survey 2008 A global new deal In an interdependent world, economic security cannot be guaranteed by countries acting alone Developing an alternative economic security agenda will, of course, require plenty of ingenuity if the new forms of solidarity and political mobilization appropriate to today’s more integrated world economy are to be established.

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World Economic and Social Survey 2008: Overcoming Economic Insecurity by United Nations

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