By Joseph R. Lakowicz, Zakir Murtaza, Ignacy Gryczynski, Xiang-Qun Guo, Henryk Szmacinski (auth.), Siegfried Daehne, Ute Resch-Geng
This ebook summarizes the result of the NATO complicated study Workshop on "Syntheses, Optical houses, and functions of Near-Infrared (NIR) Dyes in excessive expertise Fields" held at Trest (Czech Republic) from September 24 to 27, 1997. It used to be attended by means of fifty two scientists from sixteen international locations, between them 18 members from eight Eastern-Europe. The Workshop has been encouraged by means of the nice growth that has been made in using NIR dyes in excessive expertise parts. This has been prompted through the supply of trustworthy. vel)' small, and cheap laser diodes emitting within the NIR sector which elevate the analytical detection limits by means of numerous orders of significance, enable time-resolved measurements for temporal discrimination among spectrally related species, and make attainable miniaturization in addition to distant sensing via house and by way of fiber optical innovations. moreover, NIR dyes proved to be vel)' vital in different excessive expertise fields akin to laser physics, optical recording options, nonlinear optics, biochemistty and medicine.