Download E-books Pierre Gassendi and the Birth of Early Modern Philosophy PDF

By Antonia LoLordo

This ebook deals a complete therapy of the philosophical process of the seventeenth-century thinker Pierre Gassendi. Gassendi's significance is widely known and is vital for figuring out early smooth philosophers and scientists resembling Locke, Leibniz and Newton. supplying a scientific evaluation of his contributions, LoLordo situates Gassendi's perspectives in the context of 16th- and early seventeenth-century usual philosophy as represented through numerous highbrow traditions, together with scholastic Aristotelianism, Renaissance Neo-Platonism, and the rising mechanical philosophy. LoLordo's paintings could be crucial interpreting for historians of early glossy philosophy and technology.

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Download E-books The Foundations of Science and the Concepts of Psychology and Psychoanalysis (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science) PDF

The Foundations of technological know-how and the innovations of Psychology and Psychoanalysis was first released in 1956. Minnesota Archive versions makes use of electronic expertise to make lengthy unavailable books once more available, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press editions.

This first quantity of Minnesota reports within the Philosophy of technology presents a few of the rather extra consolidated study of the Minnesota middle for Philosophy of technology. The paintings of the heart, which used to be verified in 1953 via a supply from the Louis W. and Maud Hill relatives starting place, has to date been dedicated principally to the philosophical, logical, and methodological difficulties of psychology. a number of the twelve papers during this quantity are eager about large philosophical foundations; others reflect on particular difficulties of technique or interpretation. The individuals, a few of whom are represented within the authorship of multiple paper, are Herbert Feigl, director of the guts; Rudolf Carnap; B.F. Skinner; Michael Scriven; Albert Ellis; Antony Flew; L. J. Cronbach; Paul E. Meehl; R. C. greenback; and Wilfrid Sellars.

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Download E-books Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 5: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 7, Military Technology: The Gunpowder Epic PDF

By Joseph Needham

The Gunpowder Epic is one in all 3 deliberate guides on army expertise inside of Dr Needham's monstrous project. the invention of gunpowder in China through the ninth century advert was once by means of its fast functions. it truly is now transparent that the full improvement from bombs and grenades to the discovery of the metal-barrel hand gun came about within the chinese language tradition sector prior to Europeans had any wisdom of the aggregate itself. makes use of in civil engineering and mechanical engineering have been both very important, prior to the information of gunpowder unfold to Europe within the 13th and fourteenth centuries. Dr Needham's new paintings keeps to illustrate the foremost value of chinese language technological know-how and know-how to global background and keeps the culture of 1 of the good scholarly works of the 20 th century.

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Download E-books Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science PDF

By Matthew Stanley

During the Victorian interval, the perform of technology shifted from a spiritual context to a naturalistic one. it truly is commonly assumed that this shift happened simply because naturalistic technological know-how was once particular from and enhanced to theistic technological know-how. but as Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon unearths, lots of the methodological values underlying medical perform have been nearly exact for the theists and the naturalists: every one agreed at the significance of the uniformity of normal legislation, using speculation and concept, the ethical worth of technology, and highbrow freedom. but when medical naturalism didn't upward thrust to dominance as a result of its methodological superiority, then how did it triumph?
           
Matthew Stanley explores the overlap and shift among theistic and naturalistic technology via a parallel examine of 2 significant clinical figures: James Clerk Maxwell, a religious Christian physicist, and Thomas Henry Huxley, the iconoclast biologist who coined the observe agnostic. either have been deeply engaged within the methodological, institutional, and political matters that have been the most important to the theistic-naturalistic transformation. What Stanley’s research of those figures finds is that the medical naturalists carried out a few innovations over a iteration to realize regulate of the associations of clinical schooling and to reimagine the historical past in their self-discipline. instead of a unexpected revolution, the similarity among theistic and naturalistic technology allowed for a comparatively gentle transition in perform from the outdated protect to the new.

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Download E-books Measure of the Earth: The Enlightenment Expedition That Reshaped Our World PDF

By Larrie D. Ferreiro

In the 18th century, Europe’s clinical group was once torn among opposing theories: Descartes’ argument that the Earth used to be round, and Newton’s competition that it was once flattened on the poles. spotting that the reply was once the main to safely navigating the earth’s oceans, France and Spain equipped a joint day trip to colonial Peru. Their target was once to degree a level of range on the Equator; through evaluating this size to 1 taken again in Europe, they'd manage to confirm the planet’s form and placed an finish to the talk. yet what appeared an easy clinical workout was once presently marred through a chain of unexpected catastrophes: treacherous terrain, deeply suspicious locals, and the voyagers’ personal hubris. an exhilarating story of event, political background, and clinical discovery, Larrie D. Ferreiro’s Measure of the Earth recounts the best clinical exhibition of the Enlightenment in the course of the eyes of the boys who accomplished it—pioneers who overcame super adversity to traverse the towering Andes Mountains and determine the Earth’s precise shape.

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Download E-books The Unnatural Nature of Science: Why Science Does Not Make (Common) Sense PDF

How is it that nobody--except probably scientists--sees technology for what it really is? during this unique and provocative e-book, Lewis Wolpert attracts at the whole heritage of technology, from Thales of Miletus to Watson and Crick, from the learn of eugenics to the invention of the double helix. the result's a scientist's view of the tradition of technological know-how, authoritative and educated and whilst mercifully available to people who locate cohabiting with this tradition a confusing event. technology is arguably the defining function of our age. For an individual who hopes to appreciate its nature, this vigorous and considerate publication presents the appropriate start line.

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Download E-books Julius Caesar Scaliger, Renaissance Reformer of Aristotelianism: A Study of Exotericae Exercitationes (History of Science and Medicine Library / Medieval and Early Modern Science) PDF

This monograph is the 1st to investigate Julius Caesar Scaliger s "Exotericae Exercitationes" (1557). although rarely learn at the present time, the "Exercitationes" was once essentially the most profitable philosophical treatises of the time, attracting massive cognizance from many intellectuals with multifaceted non secular and philosophical orientations. with a purpose to make this huge late-Renaissance paintings obtainable to trendy readers, Kuni Sakamoto carried out an in depth textual research and printed the fundamental tenets of Scaliger s philosophy. His research additionally enabled him to elucidate the old provenance of Scaliger s Aristotelianism and how it as a result inspired a few of the protagonists of the hot Philosophy. the writer hence bridges the historiographical hole among reviews of Renaissance philosophy and people of the seventeenth-century."

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Download E-books Research in History and Philosophy of Mathematics: The CSHPM 2014 Annual Meeting in St. Catharines, Ontario (Proceedings of the Canadian Society for ... et de Philosophie des Mathématiques) PDF

This quantity comprises 13 papers that have been awarded on the 2014 Annual assembly of the Canadian Society for heritage and Philosophy of Mathematics/La Société Canadienne d’Histoire et de Philosophie des Mathématiques, hung on the campus of Brock college in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. It comprises carefully reviewed sleek scholarship on common themes within the background and philosophy of arithmetic, in addition to at the meeting’s exact subject, Early clinical Computation. those papers hide matters such as 
•Physical instruments utilized by mathematicians within the 17th century 
•The first ancient visual appeal of the game-theoretical idea of mixed-strategy equilibrium 
•George Washington’s mathematical cyphering books 
•The improvement of the Venn diagram 
•The position of Euler and different mathematicians within the improvement of algebraic analysis 
•Arthur Cayley and Alfred Kempe’s impact on Charles Peirce's diagrammatic logic 
•The impact publishers had at the improvement of mathematical pedagogy within the 19th century 
•A description of the 1924 foreign Mathematical Congress held in Toronto, informed within the type of a “narrated slide exhibit” Written by way of top students within the box, those papers may be available not to purely mathematicians and scholars of the background and philosophy of arithmetic, but additionally somebody with a basic curiosity in mathematics.

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Download E-books The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies (MIT Press) PDF

By Ulrike Felt, Rayvon Fouché, Clark A. Miller, Laurel Smith-Doerr

Science and know-how stories (STS) is a flourishing interdisciplinary box that examines the transformative energy of technological know-how and know-how to rearrange and rearrange modern societies. The guide of technological know-how and expertise reports provides a finished and authoritative evaluation of the sector, reviewing present learn and significant theoretical and methodological ways in a manner that's available to either new and verified students from a number disciplines. This new version, backed by means of the Society for Social experiences of technological know-how, is the fourth in a sequence of volumes that experience outlined the sphere of STS. It positive aspects 36 chapters, every one written for the fourth version, that catch the state-of-the-art in a wealthy and quickly becoming box. One specially outstanding improvement is the expanding integration of feminist, gender, and postcolonial reviews into the physique of STS wisdom.

The ebook covers equipment and participatory practices in STS learn; mechanisms through which wisdom, humans, and societies are coproduced; the layout, development, and use of fabric units and infrastructures; the association and governance of technology; and STS and societal demanding situations together with getting older, agriculture, defense, failures, environmental justice, and weather change.

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Download E-books Overpotential: Fuel Cells, Futurism, and the Making of a Power Panacea (Studies in Modern Science, Technology, and the Environment) PDF

It sounds so basic. simply mix oxygen and hydrogen in an electrochemical response that produces water and electrical energy, and you’ll have a fresh, effective strength resource. yet scientists have spent decades—and billions of greenbacks in govt and funding—developing the gasoline phone. there were successes and serendipitous discoveries alongside the way in which, yet engineering a gas mobile that's either sturdy and reasonable has proved terribly difficult.

Overpotential charts the twists and turns within the ongoing quest to create the correct gasoline phone. through exploring the space among the speculation and perform of gas cellphone strength, Matthew N. Eisler opens a window into broader matters within the historical past of technology, expertise, and society after the second one global struggle, together with the sociology of laboratory lifestyles, the connection among academe, undefined, and govt in constructing complicated applied sciences, the position of expertise in environmental and toxins politics, and the increase of utopian discourse in technological know-how and engineering.

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